[1]樊江斌,张金龙,许新平,等. 陕西2013年核桃晚霜冻害发生情况调查与分析[J].西北林学院学报,2014,29(05):120-124.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.05.22]
 FAN Jiang-bin,ZHANG Jin-long,XU Xin-ping,et al. An Investigation on Frozen Damage of Walnut Trees in Shaanxi Province[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2014,29(05):120-124.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.05.22]
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 陕西2013年核桃晚霜冻害发生情况调查与分析()
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《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第29卷
期数:
2014年05期
页码:
120-124
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 An Investigation on Frozen Damage of Walnut Trees in Shaanxi Province
文章编号:
1001-7461(2014)05-0120-05
作者:
 樊江斌1张金龙1许新平2陈新乐3陈金海4王敦1*冯纪年1*
 (1. 西北农林科技大学 植保学院,陕西 杨陵 712100;2. 陕西渭北核桃研究中心,陕西 延安 715700;3. 陕西省商洛市核桃研究所, 陕西 商洛 726000; 4. 陕西宜君县核桃产业办公室, 陕西 铜川 727200)
Author(s):
 FAN Jiang-bin1 ZHANG Jin-long1 XU Xin-ping2 CHEN Xin-le3CHEN Jin-hai4 WANG Dun1*FENG Ji-nian1*
 (1.College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; 2. Weibei Institute of Walnut, Yan’an, Shaanxi 715700 ,China; 3. Shangluo Institute of Walnut, Shangluo, Shaanxi 715700, China; 4. Walnut Industry Office of Yijun County, Tongchuan Shaanxi 715700, China)
关键词:
 核桃霜冻害陕西发生规律
Keywords:
 walnut frozen damage Shaanxi Province characterization of walnut frozen damage
分类号:
S792.130.7
DOI:
doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.05.22
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 了解陕西省核桃晚霜冻害发生情况和规律,为晚霜引起的核桃霜冻害预防提供基础信息。通过对陕西商洛、关中、渭北3个地区核桃园的田间调查,研究了陕西省2013年核桃晚霜引起的霜冻害发生情况及其发生规律。结果表明,2013年晚霜引起的霜冻害造成我省核桃的大幅度减产,特别是渭北地区核桃产量损失60%以上。对核桃晚霜引起的霜冻害发生规律研究发现,丘陵地区坡顶受害最重,阴坡重于阳坡;从核桃园经营管理角度看,核桃园的精细栽培管理能够显著降低晚霜引起的核桃霜冻害程度;从单株树体位置分析,西北方位和树冠中下部受冻害最严重。说明核桃园的选址和栽培管理和抗冻育种一样对预防核桃霜冻害起重要作用。
Abstract:
 The situation and characterization of spring frozen damage for walnut trees in Shaanxi Province was studied to obtain basic imformation for prevention. Field investigation was conducted in the walnut gardens in three areas of Shaanxi, i.e., Shangluo, Guanzhong, and Weibei. The results demonstrated that the walnut yield was widely affected by the spring frozen damage in 2013, especially in Weibei area with a yield lost of more than 60%. The most severe damage was found in the walnut gardens located at top of slope and shady slope, and also in those without proper management. For a single walnut tree, the most severe damage was found to be the branches direction niches at west and north of a canopy and the middle and bottom of a canopy. The results above indicated that the location choosing and management for walnut gardens were important for frozen damage prevention for walnut trees.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2013-12-21修回日期:2014-01-03
基金项目:陕西省科技统筹创新工程项目(2012KTZB02-01-02);西北农林科技大学科技创新与成果转化项目(XNY2013-30)。
作者简介:樊江斌,男,硕士生,研究方向:植物保护技术。E-mail:fanjiangbin1987@sina.com
*通信作者:王敦,男,博士,教授,研究方向:昆虫分子生物学与生物防治。E-mail:dunwang@foxmail.com
冯纪年,男,博士,教授,研究方向:植物保护与昆虫系统性。E-mail: jinianf@nwsuaf.edu.cn
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