[1]钱龙梁,薛源,李柠,等. 品种和气候对银杏嫁接成活及生长的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2018,33(5):100-104.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.05.15]
 QIAN Long-liang,XUE Yuan,LI Ning,et al. Effects of Variety and Climate Conditions on the Grafting Survival Rate and Growth of Ginkgo biloba[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2018,33(5):100-104.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.05.15]
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 品种和气候对银杏嫁接成活及生长的影响()
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《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第33卷
期数:
2018年第5期
页码:
100-104
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Effects of Variety and Climate Conditions on the Grafting Survival Rate and Growth of Ginkgo biloba
文章编号:
1001-7461(2018)05-0100-05
作者:
 钱龙梁1薛源1李柠1李强1曹福亮12*汪贵斌12
 (1.南京林业大学 南方现代林业协同创新中心,江苏 南京 210037;2.江苏省农业种质资源保护与利用平台,江苏 南京 210014)
Author(s):
 QIAN Long-liang1XUE Yuan1LI Ning1LI Qiang1CAO FU-liang12*WANG Gui-bin12
 (1.Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China,Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210037,China; 2.The Jiangsu Provincial Platform for Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Germplasm,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210014,China)
关键词:
 银杏品种嫁接存活率接穗一级分枝
Keywords:
Ginkgo biloba variety grafting survival rate branch of scion first grade
分类号:
S795.95
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.05.15
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 为探究不同品种、不同气候条件以及二者组合对银杏嫁接成活率和苗木生长的影响,试验采用了古银杏(叶丰)、泰兴大佛指、27#(南京林业大学某品种)、57#(大花穗)4个品种的接穗,试验地点选在广东、云南、四川,每个试验地点均嫁接此4个品种。结果表明:1)27#与57#更容易在云南嫁接成活,泰兴大佛指、27#更容易在四川嫁接成活;泰兴大佛指、57#更容易在广东嫁接成活,总的来说,泰兴大佛指、27#、57#更容易在南方嫁接成活。2)3个试验地点中更有利于4个品种银杏接穗一级分枝新枝长、基茎生长的地方是四川,其次是云南;在云南,4个品种中接穗一级分枝的新枝长、基茎生长最好的接穗品种是27#,其次是57#;在四川、广东最好的均是泰兴大佛指,其次是57#,3个试验地点中嫁接后接穗生长最差的均是古银杏。3)最适合这4个品种的银杏叶中可溶性糖含量积累的地点是四川,云南次之;在广东,4个品种的银杏中可溶性糖含量最高的是27#,依次是泰兴大佛指、古银杏、57#;在云南,溶性糖含量最高的是27#,再次是泰兴大佛指、57#、古银杏;在四川,溶性糖含量最高的是57#,再次是27#、泰兴大佛指、古银杏。4)最适合4个品种银杏叶中可溶性蛋白含量积累的试验地点是广东,四川次之,云南的含量最低;在3个试验地点中4个品种的银杏叶中可溶性蛋白含量最高的均是古银杏,其次是泰兴大佛指。
Abstract:
 In order to explore the effects of variety and climatic condition,as well as their combination on the grafting survival rate and seedling growth of Gingko biloba,the experiments were carried out by using the scions of 4 different varieties,including ancient ginkgo (Yefeng),Taixing Big Buddha,27# (a species of Nanjing Forestry University),57 #(Big flower spike).The test sites were selected in 3 places (Guangdong,Yunnan,and Sichuan) with different climate conditions.The results showed that 1) two cultivars,27# and 57# were more likely to be grafted in Yunnan.Taixing Big Buddha and 27#,were more likely to be grafted in Sichuan.Taixing Big Buddha and 57# were easily grafted in Guangdong.In general,Taixing Buddha,27#,57# were more easily to be grafted in Southern China.2) Among the three test sites,Sichuan was favorable for the length of new shoot of primary branch of ginkgo scion and stem growth,followed by Yunnan.In Yunnan,among 4 varieties,27# presented the best growth for the length of new shoot of primary branch and stem growth,followed by 57#.In Sichuan and Guangdong,Taixing Big Buddha was the best one,followed by 57#.Ancient ginkgo demonstrated the worst growth among 4 varieties.3) For the accumulation of soluble sugar in G.biloba leaves of four varieties,Sichuan was the best site,followed by Yunnan.In Guangdong,the highest content of soluble sugar was found in 27#,followed by Taixing big Buddha,ancient ginkgo,and 57#.In Yunnan,the highest soluble sugar content was 27#,followed by Taixing Buddha,57#,and ancient ginkgo.In Sichuan,the order of the soluble sugar content was 57#>27#>Taixing Buddha>ancient ginkgo.4) For the accumulation of soluble protein in G.biloba leaves,the order of the soluble protein content among 3 sites was Guangdong>Sichuan>Yunnan.Among the four cultivars,the highest one was ancient ginko,followed by Taixing big Buddha.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2017-12-26修回日期:2018-03-15
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFD0600701);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)。
作者简介:钱龙梁,男,在读硕士,研究方向:经济林栽培。E-mail:1320017732@qq.com
*通信作者:曹福亮,男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:经济林栽培。E-mail:fuliangcaonjfu@163.com
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