[1]赵国栋,赵同生,李春敏,等.11个苹果野生砧木品种低温处理抗性指标的综合评价[J].西北林学院学报,2018,33(6):145-151.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.06.24]
 ZHAO Guo-dong,ZHAO Tong-sheng,LI Chun-min,et al. Comprehensive Evaluation on Cold Resistance of Eleven Wild Apple Rootstocks[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2018,33(6):145-151.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.06.24]
点击复制

11个苹果野生砧木品种低温处理抗性指标的综合评价()
分享到:

《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第33卷
期数:
2018年第6期
页码:
145-151
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Comprehensive Evaluation on Cold Resistance of Eleven Wild Apple Rootstocks
文章编号:
1001-7461(2018)06-0145-07
作者:
 赵国栋赵同生李春敏付友张新生*
 (河北省农林科学院 昌黎果树研究所,河北 昌黎 066600)
Author(s):
 ZHAO Guo-dongZHAO Tong-shengLI Chun-minFU YouZHANG Xin-sheng*
 (Changli Institute of Pomology,Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences ,Changli,Hebei 066600,China)
关键词:
 苹果野生砧木抗寒性相对电导率脯氨酸丙二醛
Keywords:
 apple wild rootstock cold resistance relative electric conductivity proline MDA
分类号:
S661.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.06.24
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 对苹果野生砧木品种进行抗寒性综合评价,为耐寒性砧木的开发利用提供科学依据。以11个野生砧木品种为试验材料,在-10~-45℃设置7个低温梯度处理,对枝条萌芽率,电导率、脯氨酸、丙二醛含量进行研究。结果表明,低温处理后,围矮4号和Sdw1萌芽率迅速下降,11个野生砧木品种的相对电导率随处理温度下降呈“S”形增加,计算得半致死温度(LT50)介于-22.32~-38.58℃。丙二醛含量呈双峰变化趋势,Sdw1、串铃海棠、围矮4号丙二醛含量较高,围矮2号、Spy227、特大果山定子丙二醛含量低且稳定。围矮4号、Sdw1、串铃海棠Pro累积较早,围矮2号和特大果山定子脯氨酸含量最大。利用隶属函数法进行抗寒性综合评价,11个野生砧木抗寒性强弱顺序为围矮2号>特大果山定子>Spy227>八棱海棠>围矮3号>克勒沟林场大果山定子>围矮1号>五峰山4号>串铃海棠>围矮4号>Sdw1,与根据LT50所得抗寒性排序相近。
Abstract:
 The objective of this study was to evaluate the cold resistance of the collected eleven wild apple rootstocks,which would provide a basis for germplasm discovery and identification of cold resistance.In this study,one-year-old shoots collected from eleven wild apple rootstocks were frozen in seven different low temperatures from -10—-45℃.After 12 h of freezing treatment,the electric conductivity (EC),malonaldehyde (MDA),proline content of the shoots were measured.After 30-day hydroponics,the germination rate were investigated.Then the semi-lethal temperatures (LT50) of rootstocks were calculated by logistic equation,cold resistance of the eleven wild apple rootstocks was evaluated by subordination function method.The results indicated that germination rate of ‘Wei Ai-4’ and ‘Sdw1’ decreased more rapidly than the others.The relative electric conductivity (REC) of the eleven wild apple rootstocks increased following an S-curve with the temperature drop.LT50 values of the eleven wild apple rootstocks were between -22.32—-38.58℃.MDA content of the eleven wild apple rootstocks presented an ‘ascend-descend-ascend-descend’ trend with the temperature dropped,it was always high in ‘Sdw1’,‘Chuan Ling Hai Tang’,‘Wei Ai-4’,and was always low and stable in ‘Wei Ai-2’,‘Spy227’,‘Te Da Guo’ in different low temperature treatments.Proline contents of ‘Wei Ai-4’,‘Spy227’,‘Chuan Ling Hai Tang’ reached the highest value at -20℃ that was higher than the others,Generally,PRO content of ‘Wei Ai-2’ and ‘Te Da Guo’ were significantly higher than the other rootstocks.By using the subordination function method,cold resistance of the wild rootstocks were evaluated in the order of ‘Wei Ai-2’>‘Te Da Guo’>‘Spy227’>‘Ba Leng Hai Tang’>‘Wei Ai-3’>‘Ke Le Gou Da Guo’>‘Wei Ai-1’>‘Wu Feng Shan Hai Tang-4’>‘Chuan Ling Hai Tang’>‘Wei Ai-4’>‘Sdw1’,which was highly similar to the results of LT50.

相似文献/References:

[1]栾东珍,李丙智,韩明玉,等.育果纸袋与膜袋在富士苹果上的应用研究[J].西北林学院学报,2003,18(02):47.
 Studies on Application of Paper and Plastic Fruit Bags on 'Fuji' Apple[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2003,18(6):47.
[2]高华,赵政阳,梁俊,等.陕西苹果品种发展历史、现状及育种进展[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(01):130.
 GAO Hua,ZHAO Zheng-yang,LIANG Jun,et al.Advances in the Researches of Apple Breeding and Development in in Shaanxi Province[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(6):130.
[3]袁景军,张林森,赵政阳,等.陕西澄城县无公害优质苹果基地环境质量现状评价[J].西北林学院学报,2006,21(02):45.
 YUAN Jingjun,ZHANG Linsen,ZHAO Zhengyang,et al.Environmental Quality Evaluation of Environmental Friendly Apple Production Base of Chengcheng County in Shaanxi Province[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2006,21(6):45.
[4]李保国,郭素平,齐国辉,等.红富士苹果生态适宜栽培区评价方法研究[J].西北林学院学报,2006,21(05):78.
 LI Baoguo,GUO Suping,QI Guohui,et al.Study on Evaluation Method of Ecological Optimum Growing Area of Red Fuji Apple[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2006,21(6):78.
[5]张立新,张林森,李丙智,等.旱地苹果矿质营养及其在生长发育中的作用[J].西北林学院学报,2007,22(03):111.
 ZHANG Lixin,ZHANG Linsen,LI Bingzhi,et al.Mineral Nutrition Elements and Their Roles in Growth and Development of Apple Trees in Arid Areas[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2007,22(6):111.
[6]李亚藏,梁彦兰,王庆成. 铅对山梨和山荆子光合作用和叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):21.
 LI Ya-cang,LIANG Yan-lan,WANG Qing-cheng. Influence of Pb on Photosynthesis and Chlorophyll Fluorescence Characteristics in Pyrus ussuriensis and Malus baccata [J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):21.
[7]张小咏,李佳,杨艳昭,等. 基于SWAT模型的长江源区径流模拟[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):38.
 ZHANG Xiao-yong,LI Jia,YANG Yan-zhao,et al. Runoff Simulation of the Catchment of the Headwaters of the Yangtze River Based on SWAT Model[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):38.
[8]杨红旗,陈广辉,王金林. PVAc改性酚醛树脂制备铝木复合材料研究[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
 YANG Hong-qi,CHEN Guang-hui,WANG Jin-lin. PF Adhesive Modified by PVAc for Manufacturing Technology of Decorative Fiberboard with Aluminum Foils[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
[9]江涛,李秀荣,谢延军,等. 微波预处理对巨尾桉木材渗透性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
 JIANG Tao,LI Xiu-rong,XIE Yan-jun,et al. Effects of Microwave Pretreatment on the Permeability of Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
[10]牛晓霆,王逢瑚,曹新民. 明清家具匠师原木下料的工艺原则及措施[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
 NIU Xiao-ting,WANG Feng-hu,CAO Xin-min. Techniques and Principles of Log Cuttings of Furniture Makers in Ming and Qing Dynasties[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
[11]李燕,周倩,高华,等. 苹果主栽品种的褐斑病和斑点病抗性评价[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(01):132.
 LI Yan,ZHOU Qian,GAO Hua,et al. Evaluation of Resistance to Marssonina coronaria and Alternaria mali of Major Apple Cultivars[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):132.
[12]毛晓利,刘智勇,毛洋,等. 基于ArcEngine的白水县苹果信息管理系统设计与实现[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(02):203.
 MAO Xiao-li,LIU Zhi-yong,MAO Yang,et al. Design and Implementation of Apple Information Management System Based on ArcEngine in Baishui County[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):203.
[13]刘振中,王雷存,高华,等. 苹果白粉病抗性研究[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(04):177.
 LIU Zhen-zhong,WANG Lei-cun,GAO Hua,et al. Resistance of Apple Trees to Powdery Mildew[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):177.
[14]孙艳霞,李丙智,张林森,等. 陕西渭北7县苹果园树体结构参数调查研究[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):97.
 SUN Yan-xia,LI Bing-zhi,ZHANG Lin-sen,et al. Investigation of Plant Architecture Parameters of Red Fuji Apple Tree in Weibei[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):97.
[15]何首林,何军,高保卫,等. 28种植物提取物对苹果、番茄防腐保鲜活性研究[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(06):115.
 HE Shou-lin,HE Jun,GAO Bao-wei,et al. Study on Antifungal and Preservation Effects of the Extracts from 28 Plant Species on Apple and Tomato[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):115.
[16]刘忠霞,刘建朝,胡景江. 干旱胁迫对苹果树苗活性氧代谢及渗透调节的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(02):15.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.02.03]
 LIU Zhong-xia,LIU Jian-chao,HU Jing-jiang. Effects of Drought Stress on Active Oxygen Metabolism and Contents of Osmotic Adjustment Substances in the Leaves of Apple Seedling[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):15.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.02.03]
[17]陶红霞,张军科*. 苹果遗传图谱的构建与QTL定位研究进展[J].西北林学院学报,2015,30(06):161.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.06.30]
 TAO Hong-xia,ZHANG Jun-ke*. Advances in Genetic Mapping and QTL Localization of Apple[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2015,30(6):161.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.06.30]
[18]刘玉莲,车飞,王海,等. 苹果果实中糖、酸和花青苷的组分及含量特征分析[J].西北林学院学报,2016,31(6):236.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.06.41]
 LIU Yu-lian,CHE Fei,WANG Hai,et al. Characteristics of the Components and Contents of Soluble Sugars,Organic Acids and Anthocyanins in Apple Fruit[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2016,31(6):236.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.06.41]
[19]刘玉莲,左存武,车飞,等. 日灼后苹果果皮保护机制研究[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(6):18.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.06.03]
 LIU Yu-lian,ZUO Cun-wu,CHE Fei,et al. Defense Mechanism of Sunburn for Apple Peel[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(6):18.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.06.03]
[20]余蛟洋,常庆瑞*,由明明,等. 基于高光谱和BP神经网络模型苹果叶片SPAD值遥感估算[J].西北林学院学报,2018,33(2):156.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.02.26]
 YU Jiao-yang,CHANG Qing-rui*,YOU Ming-ming,et al. Estimation of Apple leaf SPAD Value Based on Hyperspectrum and BP Neural Network[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2018,33(6):156.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.02.26]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2018-01-19修回日期:2018-03-16
基金项目:国家苹果产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-28);昌黎果树研究所青年科技基金项目(CGS-2016-05)。
作者简介:赵国栋,男,助理研究员,研究方向:果树栽培生理。E-mail:guodong19823@163.com
*通信作者:张新生,男,研究员,研究方向:果树栽培生理。E-mail:zhangxs72126@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: