[1]李宽莹,王泽林,徐兴有,等. 不同施肥处理对日光温室内土壤微生物数量与酶活性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(2):56-61.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.02.09]
 LI Kuan-ying,WANG Ze-lin,XU Xing-you,et al. Effects of Fertilization Pattern on Soil Microorganism Quantity and Soil Enzyme Activity under the Greenhouse Grape-cultivating System[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(2):56-61.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.02.09]
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 不同施肥处理对日光温室内土壤微生物数量与酶活性的影响()
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《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第34卷
期数:
2019年第2期
页码:
56-61
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-03-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Effects of Fertilization Pattern on Soil Microorganism Quantity and Soil Enzyme Activity under the Greenhouse Grape-cultivating System
文章编号:
1001-7461(2019)02-0056-06
作者:
 李宽莹1王泽林2徐兴有3杨怀峰3
 (1.甘肃省农科院 林果花卉研究所,甘肃 兰州 730070;2.嘉峪关市农技站,甘肃 嘉峪关 735100;3.嘉峪关市文殊镇农业综合服务中心,甘肃 嘉峪关 735104)
Author(s):
 LI Kuan-ying1WANG Ze-lin2XU Xing-you3YANG Huai-feng3
 (1.Institute of Fruit and Vegetable Research,Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Lanzhou 730070,Gansu,China; 2.Jiayuguan City Agricultural Technology Station,Jiayuguan 735100,Gansu,China; 3.Jiayuguan City Wenshu Town Agricultural Integrated Service Center,Jiayuguan 735104,Gansu,China)
关键词:
 葡萄日光温室施肥土壤微生物土壤酶活性
Keywords:
 grape greenhouse fertilization soil microorganism soil enzyme
分类号:
S723.7
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.02.09
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 在多年进行日光温室延后栽培红地球葡萄的设施棚内,研究有机肥与有机肥氮肥配施对土壤微生物数量与土壤酶活性的影响。结果表明,单施有机肥及其与无机肥配施均可显著提高土壤细菌、真菌、放线菌与固氮菌数量,其中细菌为土壤微生物的主要组分,然后依次为固氮菌、放线菌以及真菌;单施有机肥及其与无机肥配施可不同程度的提高土壤脲酶、蛋白酶、蔗糖酶与磷酸酶活性,单施有机肥可显著影响土壤过氧化氢酶活性;设施葡萄土壤微生物数量与土壤酶活性具有一定的正相关性,细菌、放线菌、固氮菌与脲酶、蛋白酶、蔗糖酶以及磷酸酶存在显著正相关性(P<0.05)。综合比较,以有机肥配施氮肥40 g/株(MN2)处理效果最佳,此模式可维持设施葡萄较高土壤生产力及促进设施葡萄土壤可持续利用。
Abstract:
 Using facility cultivated “Red Globe” grapevine as experimental material,under different amount of fertilizer conditions,effects of the applications of organic manure and organic manure in matching with fertilizer on soil microbial amount and soil enzyme activities were studied.The results showed that the single organic fertilization and inorganic fertilizer combined with organic manure could significantly improve the quantity of soil bacteria,fungi,actinomyces and nitrogen fixing bacteria.Moreover,bacteria were the main components of soil microorganisms,followed by nitrogen fixing bacteria,actinomycetes and fungi.Organic fertilizer and organic fertilizer combined with inorganic fertilizer could improve soil urease,protease,sucrase and phosphatase activities to certain degrees.Organic fertilizer could significantly affect the activity of soil catalase.For facility grapevine,soil microorganism with soil enzyme activity had a positive correlation; bacteria,actinomycetes and nitrogen fixing bacteria had significantly positive correlation (P<0.05) with urease,protease,sucrase and phosphatase.By comprehensive comparison,the organic fertilizer in matching with nitrogen fertilizer 40 g/zhu(MN2) treatment had the optimal effect.This model could maintain the higher soil productivity,and promote the sustainable utilization of soil in facility grapevine cultivation.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2017-10-23修回日期:2018-10-13
基金项目:嘉峪关市科技局“日光温室葡萄新品种引进及栽培技术试验示范”(14-23)项目。
作者简介:李宽莹,男,硕士,副研究员,研究方向:果树栽培。E-mail:312873101@qq.com
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