[1]侯利涵,黄孝风,陈慧晶,等. 水培条件下毛竹幼苗的氮响应研究[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(6):49-54.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.08]
 HOU Li-han,HUANG Xiao-feng,CHEN Hui-jing,et al. Growth Response of Phyllostachys edulis Seedlings to Different Nitrogen Concentrations under Hydroponic Conditions[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(6):49-54.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.08]
点击复制

 水培条件下毛竹幼苗的氮响应研究()
分享到:

《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第34卷
期数:
2019年第6期
页码:
49-54
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Growth Response of Phyllostachys edulis Seedlings to Different Nitrogen Concentrations under Hydroponic Conditions
文章编号:
1001-7461(2019)06-0049-06
作者:
 侯利涵1黄孝风1陈慧晶1邹娜12*杨清培2
 (1.江西农业大学 园林与艺术学院,江西 南昌 330045;2.江西农业大学 江西省竹子种质资源与利用重点实验室,江西 南昌 330045)
Author(s):
 HOU Li-han1HUANG Xiao-feng1CHEN Hui-jing1ZOU Na12*YANG Qing-pei2
 (1.College of Landscape and Art,Jiangxi Agricultural University,Nanchang 330045,Jiangxi,China; 2.Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory for Bamboo Germplasm Resources and Utilization,Jiangxi Agricultural University,Nanchang 330045,Jiangxi,China)
关键词:
 毛竹幼苗水培铵态氮硝态氮
Keywords:
Phyllostachys edulis seedling hydroponics ammonium nitrogen nitrate
分类号:
S795
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.08
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 为进一步了解毛竹幼苗的不同氮响应特征,采用室内可控水培方式,研究毛竹幼苗对不同氮浓度(0.1、8 mmol·L-1)和形态(铵态氮NH4+、硝态氮NO3- )的响应。结果表明,铵态氮处理下的毛竹生物量和体内氮含量等优于等浓度的硝态氮处理,并且不同氮处理下毛竹幼苗各部分干重和氮含量由大到小趋势均为叶>根>茎和叶>茎>根。生物量和根冠比随着N处理浓度的增加而减少,但各部位N含量却随着N浓度的增加而显著增加。毛竹体内N含量与根系构型各指标的相关性分析结果表明,根长、根表面积和根体积是决定毛竹植株根系养分吸收能力的重要因素。但随着NH4+处理浓度的增加,根长、根表面积和根系体积均受到一定程度的抑制,并且低于NO3-处理幼苗根系构型各指标。因此,这些结果表明毛竹生长和N积累表现出铵氮偏好,但浓度过高时对植物生长又表现出抑制效应。
Abstract:
 To further understand the nitrogen response characteristics of bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) seedlings,indoor nutrient solution hydroponic method was used to study the responses of the seedlings to different nitrogen concentrations (0.1 mmol·L-1,8 mmol·L-1) and forms (NH4+-N,NO3--N).The results showed that under different nitrogen form treatments,the dry weight and nitrogen content of different parts of bamboo seedlings showed a tendency from large to small as leaf>root>stem&leaf>stem>root.Biomass and nitrogen content of ammonium-N treated seedlings were higher than those of nitrate-N treated seedlings with the same nitrogen concentrations.Biomass and root-shoot ratio decreased with the increase of N concentration,but N content of each part increased significantly with the increase of N concentration.With the increase of NH4+concentration,the growths of root length,root surface area and root volume were inhibited,and the root architecture of NO3--N treated seedlings was better than that of NH4+-N treated ones.Correlation analysis between nitrogen content in roots and root architecture showed that root length,root surface area and root volume were important factors in determining the nutrient uptake capacity of roots in bamboo.These results indicated that bamboo growth and N accumulation showed ammonium nitrogen preference.However,when the concentration was too high,it showed an inhibitory effect on plant growth.The research results could provide a theoretical reference for the rational application of N fertilizer in bamboo seedlings.

相似文献/References:

[1]汪佑宏,卞正明,刘杏娥,等.坡向对毛竹主要物理力学性质的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(03):179.
 WAN G Youhong,BI AN Z hengmi ng,LI U Xi nge,et al.I mpact of Di ffere nt Sl o pe s o n Mai n Physi c al and Me c hani c al Pro perti e s of Ba mb o o[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(6):179.
[2]李亚藏,梁彦兰,王庆成. 铅对山梨和山荆子光合作用和叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):21.
 LI Ya-cang,LIANG Yan-lan,WANG Qing-cheng. Influence of Pb on Photosynthesis and Chlorophyll Fluorescence Characteristics in Pyrus ussuriensis and Malus baccata [J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):21.
[3]张小咏,李佳,杨艳昭,等. 基于SWAT模型的长江源区径流模拟[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):38.
 ZHANG Xiao-yong,LI Jia,YANG Yan-zhao,et al. Runoff Simulation of the Catchment of the Headwaters of the Yangtze River Based on SWAT Model[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):38.
[4]杨红旗,陈广辉,王金林. PVAc改性酚醛树脂制备铝木复合材料研究[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
 YANG Hong-qi,CHEN Guang-hui,WANG Jin-lin. PF Adhesive Modified by PVAc for Manufacturing Technology of Decorative Fiberboard with Aluminum Foils[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
[5]江涛,李秀荣,谢延军,等. 微波预处理对巨尾桉木材渗透性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
 JIANG Tao,LI Xiu-rong,XIE Yan-jun,et al. Effects of Microwave Pretreatment on the Permeability of Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
[6]牛晓霆,王逢瑚,曹新民. 明清家具匠师原木下料的工艺原则及措施[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
 NIU Xiao-ting,WANG Feng-hu,CAO Xin-min. Techniques and Principles of Log Cuttings of Furniture Makers in Ming and Qing Dynasties[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
[7]吕金阳,覃卓凯,舒辉,等. 银杉木材构造美学价值[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
 LV Jin-yang,QIN Zhuo-kai,SHU Hui,et al. Esthetical Values in Wood Structure of Cathaya argyrophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
[8]杨艳红,张海敏,孙景荣. 基于传统文化视角的现代家具设计探析[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
 YANG Yan-hong,ZHANG Hai-min,SUN Jing-rong. Study of Modern Furniture Design Based on Traditional Culture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
[9]黄圣游,叶喜. 新中式家具“中式”传统的界定[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
 HUANG Sheng-You,YE Xi. Definition of Traditional Element in New Chinese Style Furniture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
[10]韩维生,赵明磊,王宏斌. 基于阈限理论的设计尺度体系[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):197.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.40]
 HAN Wei-sheng,ZHAO Ming-lei,WANG Hong-bin. Design Scale System Based on Threshold Theory[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):197.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.40]
[11]叶淑贤,陆媛媛,朱文强,等. 断鞭对毛竹竹笋—幼竹高生长的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):100.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.19]
 YE Shu-xian,LU Yuan-yuan,ZHU Wen-qiang,et al. Effects of Cutting Rhizome on the Height Growth of Shoots and Seedlings of Phyllostachys edulis[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):100.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.19]
[12]苏文会,许庆标,范少辉,等. 毛竹冬笋生长与生物量积累规律研究[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(02):32.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.02.06]
 SU Wen-hui,XU Qing-biao,FAN Shao-hui,et al. Winter Shoot Growth and Biomass Accumulation of Phyllostachys edulis[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):32.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.02.06]
[13]吴珍花,郭晓敏,谢意太,等. 不同施肥处理对毛竹根系有机酸含量的影响研究[J].西北林学院学报,2015,30(02):59.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.02.10]
 WU Zhen-hua,GUO Xiao-min,XIE Yi-tai,et al. Determination of Organic Acids Exudated from Fertilized Moso Bamboo Roots by High Performance Liquid Chromatography[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2015,30(6):59.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.02.10]
[14]孟勇,杨明,李美群,等. 富硒毛竹林中硒赋存形态和分布规律研究[J].西北林学院学报,2015,30(04):142.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.04.23]
 MENG Yong,YANG Ming,LI Mei-qun,et al. Selenium Distribution and Form in Seleniumenriched Bamboo of Phyllostachys edulis[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2015,30(6):142.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.04.23]
[15]官凤英,夏明鹏,范少辉*,等. 福建省毛竹NPP遥感估算及其时空格局研究[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(1):218.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.34]
 GUAN Feng-ying,XIA Ming-peng,FAN Shao-hui*,et al. Remote Sensing-based Estimation of Phyllostachys heterocycla cv.pubescens NPP and Its Spatio-temporal Variation Analysis in Fujian[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(6):218.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.34]
[16]俞欣妍,刘健,余坤勇*,等. 叶片—冠层尺度的毛竹林分光谱特征[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(3):7.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.03.02]
 YU Xin-yan,LIU Jian,YU Kun-yong*,et al. Spectral Scale Differences between Leaf and Canopy of Spectral Characteristics of Phyllostachys pubescens Forest[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(6):7.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.03.02]
[17]李权,林金国*,陈志伟,等. 碱水热处理对毛竹材表面视觉性质的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(5):213.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.05.36]
 LI Quan,LIN Jin-guo*,CHEN Zhi-wei,et al. Influences of Visual Properties of Phyllostachys heterocycla cv.pubescens Surface by Alkaline Hydrothermal Pretreatment[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(6):213.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.05.36]
[18]张佳奇,余坤勇*,刘健,等. 毛竹叶片重要营养元素的光谱敏感波段分析[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(1):77.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.01.11]
 ZHANG Jia-qi,YU Kun-yong*,LIU Jian,et al. Spectral Sensitive Band Analysis of Important Nutrient Elements of Phyllostachys pubescens Leaves[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(6):77.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.01.11]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2018-12-24修回日期:2019-04-17
基金项目:江西省研究生创新专项资金项目(YC2018-189);国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(31300521);江西省自然科学青年基金重点项目(20171ACB21027)。
作者简介:侯利涵,男,硕士在读,研究方向:植物氮营养。E-mail:hlh0075@163.com
*通信作者:邹娜,女,博士,副教授,研究方向:园林植物栽培与氮营养生理。E-mail:nzouyy@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: