[1]潘星燃,南小宁,郭新荣,等. 爪哇扁头猛蚁(Ectomomyrmex javanus (Mayr))觅食活动规律研究[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(6):147-151.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.23]
 PAN Xing-ran,NAN Xiao-ning,GUO Xin-rong,et al. Foraging Activity Rhythms of Ectomomyrmex javanus (Mayr)[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(6):147-151.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.23]
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 爪哇扁头猛蚁(Ectomomyrmex javanus (Mayr))觅食活动规律研究()
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《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第34卷
期数:
2019年第6期
页码:
147-151
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Foraging Activity Rhythms of Ectomomyrmex javanus (Mayr)
文章编号:
1001-7461(2019)06-0147-05
作者:
 潘星燃南小宁郭新荣贺虹*
 (西北农林科技大学 林学院,西部森林生物灾害治理国家林业和草原局重点实验室,陕西 杨陵 712100)
Author(s):
 PAN Xing-ranNAN Xiao-ningGUO Xin-rongHE Hong*
 (College of Forestry,Key Laboratory of National Forestry and Grassland Administration on Management of Forest Bio-Disaster,Northwest A&F University,Yangling 712100,Shaanxi,China)
关键词:
 爪哇扁头猛蚁觅食活动规律温度相对湿度取食类型
Keywords:
Ectomomyrmex javanus (Mayr) foraging activity temperature relative humidity food type
分类号:
S763.303
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.23
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 为了研究爪哇扁头猛蚁(Ectomomyrmex javanus (Mayr))的觅食活动规律及其食性,探查其觅食活动与环境温湿度的相互关系,采用陷阱诱集法统计不同季节、不同时段外出觅食工蚁的数量,分析环境温湿度与其觅食活动季节动态和日动态的相关性,并通过分析其捕获食物种类确定其食性。结果表明,爪哇扁头猛蚁觅食的季节动态与环境温度、湿度均显著相关(P<0.01),夏季是其觅食的高峰时期,秋季开始下降,冬季停止外出觅食,4月再次开始觅食活动;其觅食的日动态在一定范围内与环境温度显著相关(P<0.01),但与湿度相关性不显著;一天中8:00是其工蚁外出觅食的高峰期,随着环境温度的上升,其觅食活动开始减少,直到傍晚温度降低时,其觅食活动开始增加。爪哇扁头猛蚁主要取食节肢动物尸体,表现为肉食性。
Abstract:
 The objectives of this study were to study the foraging activities and feeding habits of Ectomomyrmex javanus (Mayr) (Hymenoptera:Formicidae),as well as the relationships between its foraging activity and environmental temperature and humidity.The trapping method was adopted to investigate the number of foraging workers that went out for food in different seasons and different periods of time.Based on the recorded results,we made an analysis on the relativity between the environmental temperature and humidity and seasonal and daily foraging activity of E.javanus.In addition,the feeding habit of E.javanus was examined by classifying the food they captured.It was found that seasonal foraging activity of E.javanus had significantly close relationships with environmental temperature and humidity (P<0.01).The seasonal foraging activity peaked in summer,and the number began to decrease in autumn,which continued all the way to winter when they completely stopped foraging.The activity would begin again in the next April.In summer,the daily foraging activity of E.javanus was apparently related to environmental temperature within certain range of temperature (P<0.01),yet had a less connectivity with humidity.The peak of foraging occurred at 8:00 in the morning,and the frequency began to decrease with the rise of environmental temperature until dusk when they started the food searching activity again.Since E.javanus mainly feed on the arthropods bodies,a conclusion was made that E.javanus was a carnivore.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2018-12-27修回日期:2019-04-22
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31070342,31570388); 林业公益性行业科研专项(201404302-4)。
作者简介:潘星燃,男,硕士在读,研究方向:森林昆虫学。E-mail:xingran@nwafu.edu.cn
*通信作者:贺虹,女,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:森林昆虫学。E-mail:hehong@nwsuaf.edu.cn
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