[1]贾艳艳,唐晓岚*,杨阳,等. 长江沿岸芜湖区段景观格局演变及生态系统服务价值分析[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(6):249-258.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.38]
 JIA Yan-yan,TANG Xiao-lan*,YANG Yang,et al. Landscape Pattern Changes and Ecological Service Values in Wuhu Section Along the Yangtze River[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(6):249-258.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.38]
点击复制

 长江沿岸芜湖区段景观格局演变及生态系统服务价值分析()
分享到:

《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第34卷
期数:
2019年第6期
页码:
249-258
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Landscape Pattern Changes and Ecological Service Values in Wuhu Section Along the Yangtze River
文章编号:
1001-7461(2019)06-0249-10
作者:
 贾艳艳唐晓岚*杨阳张卓然
 (南京林业大学 风景园林学院,江苏 南京 210037)
Author(s):
 JIA Yan-yanTANG Xiao-lan*YANG YangZHANG Zhuo-ran
 (College of Landscape Architecture,Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037,Jiangsu,China)
关键词:
 景观指数生态服务价值动态变化长江沿岸芜湖区段
Keywords:
 landscape index ecological service value dynamic change bank along the Yangtze River Wuhu section
分类号:
X171
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.38
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 以芜湖区段1995-2016年遥感影像为数据源,运用景观指数、动态度模型、景观转移矩阵和生态系统服务价值(ESV)评价模型等方法研究其景观格局和ESV动态变化,定量分析景观格局演变特征及其对ESV的影响,以期为芜湖区段景观格局优化和长江沿岸生态环境保护提供一定依据。结果表明:1)20多a间,研究区景观破碎度和异质性增强,趋于均匀分布。2)耕地和林地面积显著减少,耕地斑块数增多,趋于破碎化;建设用地面积不断增加,最大斑块指数和斑块结合度指数呈增加趋势,趋于集中连片分布;湿地面积先减少后增加,优势度和连通性趋于减弱。3)耕地、林地和建设用地的动态度较明显,耕地减少部分主要流向建设用地,达48 414 hm2,占耕地变化量的55.53%。4)研究期内总ESV呈持续下降趋势,减少了10.87%,生态功能衰减。生态服务功能主要为废物处理、水源涵养、气候调节、土壤保持和生物多样性保护。耕地对维持芜湖区段ESV起比较稳定的作用,而林地和湿地起主导作用。研究认为,必须重视对林地和湿地的保护,加强对自然山体林地的保护与修复和以长江为主的湿地生态保护,对提高芜湖区段生态系统服务功能和保护长江生态环境起着重要作用。
Abstract:
 The objectives of this study were to quantitatively analyze the spatial-temporal evolution characteristics of landscape pattern and its influence on ecological service value (ESV) in Wuhu section along the Yangtze River,and to provide some bases for landscape pattern optimization of Wuhu section and the ecological environment protection along the Yangtze River in the future.Taking remote sensing images of Wuhu section from 1995 to 2016 as data sources,the dynamic changes of landscape pattern and ESV were studied by means of landscape index,dynamic degree model,landscape transfer matrix and ESV evaluation model.The results showed that:1) over the past 20 years,the degree of landscape fragmentation and heterogeneity increased,and the landscape showed a uniform trend.2) The area of cultivated land and forestland significantly reduced.The number of patches (NP) of cultivated land increased with a fragmentation trend; the area of construction land was increasing,in which the largest patch index (LPI) and patch cohesion index (COHESION) increased,and it tended to be a continuously concentrated distribution.The area of wetlands decreased firstly and then increased,and its dominance and connectivity tended to weaken.3) The dynamic degree of cultivated land,forest land and construction land were relatively obvious; the decrease of cultivated land mainly flowed to construction land,reaching 48 414 hm2,accounting for 55.53% of the change of cultivated land.4) Within the study period,the total ESV showed a continuous decline trend,with a decrease of 10.87%,and the ecological function in the study area declined.The main ESFs were waste decomposition,conservation of water sources,climate regulation,soil conservation and biodiversity protection.Cultivated land played a relative stablization role in maintaining ESV in Wuhu section,while forestland and wetland played a leading role.According to the research,it was necessary to pay attention to the protection of forestland and wetland,to strengthen the protection and restoration of natural mountainous forestland and the wetland ecological protection mainly based on the Yangtze River,which played an important role in improving the ecosystem service function of Wuhu section and protecting the ecological environment of the Yangtze River.

相似文献/References:

[1]李亚藏,梁彦兰,王庆成. 铅对山梨和山荆子光合作用和叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):21.
 LI Ya-cang,LIANG Yan-lan,WANG Qing-cheng. Influence of Pb on Photosynthesis and Chlorophyll Fluorescence Characteristics in Pyrus ussuriensis and Malus baccata [J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):21.
[2]张小咏,李佳,杨艳昭,等. 基于SWAT模型的长江源区径流模拟[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):38.
 ZHANG Xiao-yong,LI Jia,YANG Yan-zhao,et al. Runoff Simulation of the Catchment of the Headwaters of the Yangtze River Based on SWAT Model[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):38.
[3]杨红旗,陈广辉,王金林. PVAc改性酚醛树脂制备铝木复合材料研究[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
 YANG Hong-qi,CHEN Guang-hui,WANG Jin-lin. PF Adhesive Modified by PVAc for Manufacturing Technology of Decorative Fiberboard with Aluminum Foils[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
[4]江涛,李秀荣,谢延军,等. 微波预处理对巨尾桉木材渗透性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
 JIANG Tao,LI Xiu-rong,XIE Yan-jun,et al. Effects of Microwave Pretreatment on the Permeability of Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
[5]牛晓霆,王逢瑚,曹新民. 明清家具匠师原木下料的工艺原则及措施[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
 NIU Xiao-ting,WANG Feng-hu,CAO Xin-min. Techniques and Principles of Log Cuttings of Furniture Makers in Ming and Qing Dynasties[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
[6]吕金阳,覃卓凯,舒辉,等. 银杉木材构造美学价值[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
 LV Jin-yang,QIN Zhuo-kai,SHU Hui,et al. Esthetical Values in Wood Structure of Cathaya argyrophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
[7]杨艳红,张海敏,孙景荣. 基于传统文化视角的现代家具设计探析[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
 YANG Yan-hong,ZHANG Hai-min,SUN Jing-rong. Study of Modern Furniture Design Based on Traditional Culture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
[8]黄圣游,叶喜. 新中式家具“中式”传统的界定[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
 HUANG Sheng-You,YE Xi. Definition of Traditional Element in New Chinese Style Furniture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
[9]韩维生,赵明磊,王宏斌. 基于阈限理论的设计尺度体系[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):197.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.40]
 HAN Wei-sheng,ZHAO Ming-lei,WANG Hong-bin. Design Scale System Based on Threshold Theory[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):197.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.40]
[10]宋杰,侯建军,申黎明. 按摩椅按摩头包覆层对按摩舒适性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):202.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.41]
 SONG Jie,HOU Jian-jun,SHEN Li-ming. Influence of Massager Coat Layer of Massage Chairs on the Degree of Comfort[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(6):202.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.41]
[11]刘常富,张幔芳. 不同建筑密度下城市森林景观逆破碎化趋势[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):266.
 LIU Chang-fu,ZHANG Man-fang. Landscape Defragmentation Trends of Urban Forests under Different Building Densities[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(6):266.
[12]喻庆国,等. 滇西北碧塔海流域景观演变规律及其驱动因子[J].西北林学院学报,2014,29(04):160.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.04.29]
 YU Qing-guo,DONG Yue-yu,YANG Yu-ming*,et al. Evolution Law and Driving Factors of the Bita Lake Watershed’s Landscape in Yunnan, China[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2014,29(6):160.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.04.29]
[13]李冬梅,焦峰*,王志杰,等. 准格尔旗矿区景观格局动态分析[J].西北林学院学报,2014,29(06):60.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.06.12]
 LI Dong-mei,JIAO Feng*,WANG Zhi-jie,et al. Analysis of Dynamic Landscape Pattern in Zhungeer Mining Area[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2014,29(6):60.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.06.12]
[14]孙恺,杨延征,赵鹏祥*,等. 基于遥感技术的西安城市景观格局时空演变及分析[J].西北林学院学报,2015,30(02):180.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.02.31]
 SUN Kai,YANG Yan-zheng,ZHAO Peng-xiang*,et al. Spatial Temporal Evolution of Landscape Pattern in Xi’an Based on 3S Technology[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2015,30(6):180.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.02.31]
[15]陈颐,林毅伟,朱志鹏,等. 基于RS和GIS的莆田市土地利用景观格局变化分析[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(1):279.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.45]
 CHEN Yi,LIN Yi-wei,ZHU Zhi-peng,et al. Changes of Land Use and Landscape Pattern in Putian Based on RS and GIS[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(6):279.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.45]
[16]朱颖,林静雅,胡义涛,等. 天目湖流域景观格局时空变化及生态系统服务价值分析[J].西北林学院学报,2018,33(4):239.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.04.39]
 ZHU Ying,LIN Jing-ya,HU Yi-tao,et al. Studies on Spatiotemporal Change of Landscape Pattern and Ecosystem Service Value in Tianmuhu Watershed[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2018,33(6):239.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.04.39]
[17]罗紫薇,胡希军*. GIS支持下的上杭县城市景观格局分析[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(3):225.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.03.36]
 LUO Zi-wei,HU Xi-jun*. On Urban Landscape Pattern in Shanghang County Supported by GIS[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(6):225.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.03.36]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2019-01-03修回日期:2019-03-10
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31270746);江苏省六大人才高峰(2013-JZ-014);住房和城乡建设部科学技术项目计划(2016-R2-068);“十二五”国家科技支撑计划(2015BAL01B03);江苏“青蓝工程”优秀教学团队资助(2017);中国学位与研究生教育学会农林学科工作委员会2019年研究生教育管理课题(2019-NLZX-ZD15)。
作者简介:贾艳艳,女,博士在读,研究方向:景观生态规划和风景园林规划设计。E-mail:jiayanyan1011@163.com
*通信作者:唐晓岚,女,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:景观生态学、风景园林规划设计、城乡规划设计等。E-mail:398887917@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: