[1]苏维,刘苑秋,赖胜男,等. 南昌市8种乔木叶片性状对叶表滞留颗粒物的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2020,35(4):61-67.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2020.04.11]
 SU Wei,LIU Yuan-qiu,LAI Sheng-nan,et al. Effects of Particulate Matter Retained by Eight Urban Tree Leaves and Their Relationships between Leaf Trait in Nanchang[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2020,35(4):61-67.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2020.04.11]
点击复制

 南昌市8种乔木叶片性状对叶表滞留颗粒物的影响()
分享到:

《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第35卷
期数:
2020年第4期
页码:
61-67
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-09-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Effects of Particulate Matter Retained by Eight Urban Tree Leaves and Their Relationships between Leaf Trait in Nanchang
文章编号:
1001-7461(2020)04-0061-07
作者:
 苏维12刘苑秋3赖胜男3古新仁3*刘青3龚鹏3
 (1.河南科技大学 林学院,河南 洛阳 471000;2.洛阳市生态景观设计重点实验室,河南 洛阳 471000;3.江西农业大学 林学院,江西 南昌 330045)
Author(s):
 SU Wei12LIU Yuan-qiu3LAI Sheng-nan3GU Xin-ren3*LIU Qing3GONG Peng3
 (1.Forestry College,Henan University of Science&Technology,Luoyang 471000,Henan,China; 2.Key Laboratory of Eecological Landscape Design in Luoyang City,Luoyang 471000,Henan,China; 3.Forestry College,Jiangxi Agricultural University,Nanchang 330045,Jiangxi,China)
关键词:
 叶片性状颗粒物扫描电镜能谱分析净化空气
Keywords:
 leaf trait air particulate matter SEM EDS air purification
分类号:
S718.45
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2020.04.11
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 乔木的叶片可以滞留空气中的颗粒物,从而起到净化空气的作用。以南昌市8种代表性乔木叶片为研究对象,以SPM2.5(叶表单位面积滞留的PM2.5颗粒物重量)、SPM10(叶表单位面积滞留的PM10颗粒物重量)、STSP(叶表单位面积滞留的总悬浮颗粒物重量)为衡量叶表滞留颗粒物能力的指标,探讨叶片表观性状和微观性状对滞留颗粒物能力的影响,分析叶表滞留颗粒物的形貌和成分。研究表明,马尾松SPM2.5、SPM10、STSP最大,分别达到0.85、1.02、2.13 g·m-2,枫香最小,分别达到0.06、0.07、0.15 g·m-2。叶表滞留SPM2.5、SPM10、STSP的能力与叶片的SLA(比叶面积)负相关,与叶片长宽比正相关。叶表产生粘性分泌物,具有凹槽和深沟壑的结构可以滞留更多的颗粒物。叶表滞留的颗粒物多为不规则形,主要成分为硅铝酸盐。
Abstract:
 Urban tree leaves can retain air particulate matter (PM) and play a function of air purification.In this paper,the leaves of 8 typical tree species occurring in Nanchang were taken as research objects,three indices,such as SPM2.5 (leaf surface retained PM2.5 per unit area),SPM10 (leaf surface retained PM10 per unit area),STSP (Leaf surface retained total suspended particulate per unit area) were used to evaluate he ability of the leaves retaining particulate matter.Influences of leaf apparent traits and microscopic traits on the particulate retaining ability were examined.Morphological features and compositions of the particulates retained in the leaf surface were analyzed.The results showed that the values of three indices mentioned above of Pinus massoniana were 0.85,1.02,and 2.13 g·m-2,respectively,the highest among all the trees tested,the corresponding values of Liquidambar formosana were the lowest:0.06,0.07,and 0.15 g·m-2,respectively.Negative correlationships were observed between specific leaf area and three indices,and the correlationships between the ratio of leaf length to width and three indices were positive.Leaf surface with sticky secretions,grooves,deep ravines were favorable for retaining particulate matters.The shapes of PMs on leaf surface were irregular,and the the main ingredient was silicon acuminate.

相似文献/References:

[1]李亚藏,梁彦兰,王庆成. 铅对山梨和山荆子光合作用和叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):21.
 LI Ya-cang,LIANG Yan-lan,WANG Qing-cheng. Influence of Pb on Photosynthesis and Chlorophyll Fluorescence Characteristics in Pyrus ussuriensis and Malus baccata [J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(4):21.
[2]张小咏,李佳,杨艳昭,等. 基于SWAT模型的长江源区径流模拟[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):38.
 ZHANG Xiao-yong,LI Jia,YANG Yan-zhao,et al. Runoff Simulation of the Catchment of the Headwaters of the Yangtze River Based on SWAT Model[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(4):38.
[3]杨红旗,陈广辉,王金林. PVAc改性酚醛树脂制备铝木复合材料研究[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
 YANG Hong-qi,CHEN Guang-hui,WANG Jin-lin. PF Adhesive Modified by PVAc for Manufacturing Technology of Decorative Fiberboard with Aluminum Foils[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
[4]江涛,李秀荣,谢延军,等. 微波预处理对巨尾桉木材渗透性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
 JIANG Tao,LI Xiu-rong,XIE Yan-jun,et al. Effects of Microwave Pretreatment on the Permeability of Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
[5]牛晓霆,王逢瑚,曹新民. 明清家具匠师原木下料的工艺原则及措施[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
 NIU Xiao-ting,WANG Feng-hu,CAO Xin-min. Techniques and Principles of Log Cuttings of Furniture Makers in Ming and Qing Dynasties[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
[6]吕金阳,覃卓凯,舒辉,等. 银杉木材构造美学价值[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
 LV Jin-yang,QIN Zhuo-kai,SHU Hui,et al. Esthetical Values in Wood Structure of Cathaya argyrophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
[7]杨艳红,张海敏,孙景荣. 基于传统文化视角的现代家具设计探析[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
 YANG Yan-hong,ZHANG Hai-min,SUN Jing-rong. Study of Modern Furniture Design Based on Traditional Culture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
[8]黄圣游,叶喜. 新中式家具“中式”传统的界定[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
 HUANG Sheng-You,YE Xi. Definition of Traditional Element in New Chinese Style Furniture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
[9]韩维生,赵明磊,王宏斌. 基于阈限理论的设计尺度体系[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):197.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.40]
 HAN Wei-sheng,ZHAO Ming-lei,WANG Hong-bin. Design Scale System Based on Threshold Theory[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):197.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.40]
[10]宋杰,侯建军,申黎明. 按摩椅按摩头包覆层对按摩舒适性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):202.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.41]
 SONG Jie,HOU Jian-jun,SHEN Li-ming. Influence of Massager Coat Layer of Massage Chairs on the Degree of Comfort[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(4):202.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.41]
[11]李小琴,张凤良,毛常丽,等. 琴叶风吹楠叶片性状变异分析[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(2):143.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.02.24]
 LI Xiao-qin,ZHANG Feng-liang,MAO Chang-li,et al. Variation Analysis on Leaf Traits of Horsfieldia pandurifolia[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(4):143.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.02.24]
[12]段嵩岚,闫淑君*,田高飞,等. 福州市19种灌木滞留颗粒物效应与叶片性状研究[J].西北林学院学报,2018,33(4):230.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.04.38]
 DUAN Song-lan,YAN Shu-jun*,TIAN Gao-fei,et al. Effects of the Particles Retained by 19 Widely Used Shrubs on Road Sides and Their Relationships with Leaf Trait in Fuzhou[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2018,33(4):230.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.04.38]
[13]黄雅茹,马迎宾,苏智,等. 乌兰布和沙漠绿洲北抗杨家系6个无性系叶片性状研究[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(3):86.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.03.13]
 HUANG Ya-ru,MA Ying-bin,SU Zhi,et al. Leaf Ttraits of Six Clones of Populus deltoides cl.Beikang Family in Ulanbuh Desert Oasis[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(4):86.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.03.13]
[14]张凤良,桂明春,李小琴*,等. 橡胶树老幼态芽接无性系幼苗表型特征比较分析[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(6):133.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.21]
 ZHANG Feng-liang,GUI Ming-chun,LI Xiao-qin*,et al. Comparison and Analysis of Phenotypic Characteristics between the Mature and Juvenile Budding Clones of Hevea brasiliensis Seedlings[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(4):133.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.06.21]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2019-10-22修回日期:2019-12-02
基金项目:江西省重大自然基金项目“城市森林结构对PM2.5/PM10的阻控作用及机制”(20152ACB20006)
作者简介:苏维,博士。研究方向:城市园林生态功能。E-mail:suwei8405@126.com
*通信作者:古新仁,教授,博士生导师。研究方向:城市绿地系统、园林设计。E-mail:jiujiuyl@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: