[1]赵国慧,李哲哲,胡少军,等. 雍城湖湿地土壤理化性质与微生物及植物群落的关系[J].西北林学院学报,2020,35(5):240-248.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2020.05.37]
 ZHAO Guo-hui,LI Zhe-zhe,HU Shao-jun,et al. The Relationship among Soil Physicochemical Properties&Microorganisms and Phytocommunity in Yongcheng Lake Wetland[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2020,35(5):240-248.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2020.05.37]
点击复制

 雍城湖湿地土壤理化性质与微生物及植物群落的关系()
分享到:

《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第35卷
期数:
2020年第5期
页码:
240-248
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 The Relationship among Soil Physicochemical Properties&Microorganisms and Phytocommunity in Yongcheng Lake Wetland
文章编号:
1001-7461(2020)05-0240-09
作者:
 赵国慧1李哲哲1胡少军2程晓菲2弓弼1*
 (1.西北农林科技大学 风景园林艺术学院,陕西 杨陵 712100;2.凤翔县林业局,陕西 凤翔 721400)
Author(s):
 ZHAO Guo-hui1LI Zhe-zhe1HU Shao-jun2CHENG Xiao-fei2GONG Bi1*
 (1.College of Landscape Architecture and Art,Northwest A&F University,Yangling 712100,Shaanxi,China; 2.Fengxiang Forestry Bureau,Fengxiang 721400,Shaanxi,China)
关键词:
 湿地土壤微生物高通量理化性质植物群落
Keywords:
 wetland soil microorganism high throughput physicochemical property plant community
分类号:
S151.9
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2020.05.37
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 以陕西凤翔县雍城湖湿地为对象,研究湿地对土壤理化性质、土壤微生物和植物群落的影响及相互关系。按照离岸0、10、20、30、40、50 m分别划取6个标准样方(D0、D10、D20、D30、D40、D50),以水体(W)、淤泥(S)为对照,采用多种土肥分析方法测定各样方土壤理化性质;利用高通量测序技术分析土壤微生物的结构特点和多样性特征;利用样方法调查植物的种类、数量及分布特征;对比探究土壤理化性质、土壤微生物及植物群落变化间的联系。结果表明:1)研究区域内土壤均为碱性;随着离岸距离的增加,土壤含水量下降,全N(TN)、速效N(AN)和有机质(OM)含量均表现为D0~D20高于后D30~D50;全K(TK)含量变化不明显;速效K(AK)含量在D30~D50样方逐渐增加;全P(TP)含量呈现先升高后降低的趋势。土壤OM与TN、AN之间两两极显著正相关(P<0.01)。土壤pH值与TN和OM呈现显著负相关(P<0.05)。2)土壤微生物群落多样性指数整体呈现随离岸距离的增加而逐渐减小的趋势。聚类分析结果表明,D0~D20和D30~D50群落结构各自相似,且两组间具有差异性。3)由D0到D50、植物呈现空心莲子草-青麻-稗草-野塘蒿的群落变化趋势。物种丰富度呈现出先下降后升高的趋势。4)变形菌门丰度变化与全N含量的变化趋势一致;酸杆菌门和放线菌门的丰度变化与有机质含量的变化趋势相反。无论是土壤理化性质还是土壤微生物群落,在研究区域内总表现出前D0~D20与D30~D50间的显著差异性。距湿地水体50 m范围内,土壤TN、AN、OM、微生物多样性指数总体随含水量减少、pH增加而下降,并呈现以30 m为阶梯的阶段性变化;TK、AK、TP变化规律性不强。土壤理化性质与土壤微生物多样性及其群落构成具有一定的相关性。植物群落优势物种随与湿地水体距离的变化趋势明显。植物群落对土壤微生物群落结构及分布的影响规律不明显。
Abstract:
 Taking the wetland of Yongcheng Lake in Fengxiang,Shaanxi Province as research object,soil physicochemical properties,microorganisms,and plant communities as well as their interrelations were investigated.Six standard quadrats ( D0,D10,D20,D30,D40 and D50) were settled according to the offshore distances of 0,10,20,30,40 and 50 m,respectively.The soil physicochemical properties were measured by different soil analytical methods.The structure and diversity of soil microorganisms were analyzed by high throughput sequencing.The species,quantity and distribution of plants were analyzed by quadrat method.Interrelations between soil physicochemical properties,plant communities and soil microorganisms were explored by One-Way ANOVA and clustering analysis.1)Soil in the study area was all alkaline.The soil moisture content declined with the increase of the distance from water shore.The contents of total nitrogen (TN),available nitrogen (AN),organic matter (OM) from D0-D20 were higher than those from D30-D50.The change of total potassium (TK) content was not significant and the available potassium (AK) content gradually increased from D30-D50.The total phosphorus (TP) content increased first and then decreased.Soil OM content was positively correlated with TN and AN (P<0.01).Soil pH was negatively correlated with TN and OM content (P<0.05).2) Soil microbial diversity index showed a decreasing trend with the increase of the distance from water shore.The results of clustering analysis showed that the structures of microorganism community were similar within the groups of D0-D20,D30-D50,respectively,while differed between the two groups.3) From D0 to D50,dominant plant communities were Alternanthera philoxeroides-Abutilon theophrasti-Echinochloa crusgalli-Conyza bonariensis.With the increase of the distance from the water shore,the specie richness decreased first and then increased.4) The variation trend of Proteobacteria abundance was consistent with the variation trend of TN content.The variation trend of Acidobacteria,and Actinobacteria abundance was opposite to the variation trend of OM content.Soil physicochemical properties and soil microbial community,all showed a significant difference between the first three sample plots of D0-D20 and the last three plots of D30-D50.Within 50 m from the water shore,TN,AN,OM,microbial diversity index decreased with the decrease of water content and the increase of pH,and showed a stage-change character with 30 m as a ladder.TK,AK and TP changed not regularly.Soil physicochemical properties had certain correlation with soil microbial diversity and community composition.The dominant species of plant community changed significantly with the distance from water shore.The effect of plant community on soil microbial community structure and distribution was not obvious.

相似文献/References:

[1]曹小玉,吕勇,张晓蕾,等.湖南省湿地生态效益补偿机制初探[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(05):168.
 CAO Xiao yu,LV Yong,ZHANG Xiao lei,et al.A Preliminary Exploration on Establishing Compensation Mechanism of Wetland Ecological Benefit in Hunan Province[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(5):168.
[2]王晓青,杨联安,姜英,等.毛乌素沙地南缘湿地/沙化土地动态变化分析[J].西北林学院学报,2007,22(04):73.
 WANG Xiao-qing,YANG Lia-nan,JIANG Ying,et al.Dynamic Changes of Wetlands and Sandification in the South of Musu Sandy Land[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2007,22(5):73.
[3]李亚藏,梁彦兰,王庆成. 铅对山梨和山荆子光合作用和叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):21.
 LI Ya-cang,LIANG Yan-lan,WANG Qing-cheng. Influence of Pb on Photosynthesis and Chlorophyll Fluorescence Characteristics in Pyrus ussuriensis and Malus baccata [J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(5):21.
[4]张小咏,李佳,杨艳昭,等. 基于SWAT模型的长江源区径流模拟[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(05):38.
 ZHANG Xiao-yong,LI Jia,YANG Yan-zhao,et al. Runoff Simulation of the Catchment of the Headwaters of the Yangtze River Based on SWAT Model[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(5):38.
[5]杨红旗,陈广辉,王金林. PVAc改性酚醛树脂制备铝木复合材料研究[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
 YANG Hong-qi,CHEN Guang-hui,WANG Jin-lin. PF Adhesive Modified by PVAc for Manufacturing Technology of Decorative Fiberboard with Aluminum Foils[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):170.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.34]
[6]江涛,李秀荣,谢延军,等. 微波预处理对巨尾桉木材渗透性的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
 JIANG Tao,LI Xiu-rong,XIE Yan-jun,et al. Effects of Microwave Pretreatment on the Permeability of Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):174.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.35]
[7]牛晓霆,王逢瑚,曹新民. 明清家具匠师原木下料的工艺原则及措施[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
 NIU Xiao-ting,WANG Feng-hu,CAO Xin-min. Techniques and Principles of Log Cuttings of Furniture Makers in Ming and Qing Dynasties[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):178.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.36]
[8]吕金阳,覃卓凯,舒辉,等. 银杉木材构造美学价值[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
 LV Jin-yang,QIN Zhuo-kai,SHU Hui,et al. Esthetical Values in Wood Structure of Cathaya argyrophylla[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):183.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.37]
[9]杨艳红,张海敏,孙景荣. 基于传统文化视角的现代家具设计探析[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
 YANG Yan-hong,ZHANG Hai-min,SUN Jing-rong. Study of Modern Furniture Design Based on Traditional Culture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):188.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.38]
[10]黄圣游,叶喜. 新中式家具“中式”传统的界定[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(01):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
 HUANG Sheng-You,YE Xi. Definition of Traditional Element in New Chinese Style Furniture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):192.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.01.39]
[11]代彦满. 黄河三门峡湿地自然保护区生态旅游资源的开发与评价[J].西北林学院学报,2012,27(06):213.
 DAI Yan-man. Development and Evaluation of the Eco-tourism Resources of Sanmenxia Wetland Nature Reserve of Yellow River[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2012,27(5):213.
[12]赵凤君,王立中,舒立福. 火烧对寒温带湿地生态系统的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(02):136.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.02.26]
 ZHAO Feng-jun,WANG Li-zhong,SHU Li-fu. Influences of Fire on Ecosystem of the Wetlands in Cold Temperate Area[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):136.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.02.26]
[13]张灏,孔东升. 张掖黑河湿地国家级自然保护区气候调节功能价值评估[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(03):177.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.03.34]
 ZHANG Hao,KONG Dong-sheng. Evaluation on the Value of Climatic Regulation Function in the Heihe Wetland National Nature Reserve in Zhangye[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2013,28(5):177.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2013.03.34]
[14]赵永全,何彤慧*,夏贵菊,等. 不同控水条件下芦苇生长与光合特征研究[J].西北林学院学报,2015,30(01):69.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.01.11]
 ZHAO Yong-quan,HE Tong-hui*,XIA Gui-ju,et al. Growth and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Phragmite saustralis under Different Water Control Conditions[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2015,30(5):69.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.01.11]
[15]吴春燕,何彤慧*,夏贵菊,等. 银川平原湿地芦苇群落的密度效应研究[J].西北林学院学报,2016,31(2):98.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.02.17]
 WU Chun-yan,HE Tong-hui*,XIA Gui-ju,et al. Density Effects of Phragamites communis on Wetlands in Yinchuan Plain[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2016,31(5):98.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.02.17]
[16]陈广泉,王淑艳,郑天翔,等. 张掖湿地蝗虫多样性调查研究[J].西北林学院学报,2016,31(5):211.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.05.35]
 CHEN Guang-quan,WANG Shu-yan,ZHENG Tian-xiang,et al. Diversity of Locusts in the Wetlands of Zhangye[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2016,31(5):211.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.05.35]
[17]赵永全,何彤慧*,夏贵菊. 银川平原芦苇湿地土壤含水量及土壤生源要素垂直分布特征[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(1):37.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.06]
 ZHAO Yong-quan,HE Tong-hui*,XIA Gui-ju. Characteristics of Vertical Distribution of Soil Moisture and Soil Biogenic Elements of Phragmites australis Wetland in Yinchuan Plain[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(5):37.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.06]
[18]莫晓琪,朱颖*,胡义涛,等. 1995-2015年天目湖流域湿地景观格局演变分析[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(1):293.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.47]
 MO Xiao-qi,ZHU Ying*,HU Yi-tao,et al. Landscape Pattern Changes of Wetlands in Tianmu Lake Watershed from 1995 to 2015[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(5):293.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.01.47]
[19]杨晓潇,王秀兰*,秦福莹. 达里诺尔自然保护区近30年湿地动态变化及其影响因素分析[J].西北林学院学报,2019,34(4):171.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.04.26]
 YANG Xiao-xiao,WANG Xiu-lan*,QIN Fu-ying. Analysis of Dynamic Changes and Influencing Factors of Wetland in Dalinur Nature Reserve in Recent 30 Years[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2019,34(5):171.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2019.04.26]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2019-04-03修回日期:2020-06-09
基金项目:陕西凤翔雍城湖国家湿地公园生态环境监测与评价研究(K4030218366)。
作者简介:赵国慧。研究方向:风景园林规划设计。E-mail:154888154@qq.com
*通信作者:弓弼,教授,博士生导师。研究方向:风景园林规划设计。E-mail:544635562@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: