[1]刘 勇,李国雷,李瑞生,等.密度调控对油松人工林土壤肥力的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(06):18.
 LIU Yong,LI Guolei,LI Ruisheng,et al.Effected of Tree Density on Soil Fertility in Pinus tabulaeformis P lantations[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(06):18.
点击复制

密度调控对油松人工林土壤肥力的影响()
分享到:

《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第23卷
期数:
2008年06期
页码:
18
栏目:
森林生物、生理、生态、植物、气象等
出版日期:
2008-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effected of Tree Density on Soil Fertility in Pinus tabulaeformis P lantations
作者:
刘 勇 1 李国雷 1 李瑞生 2 郭 蓓 1 徐 扬 1
1.北京林业大学 省部共建森林培育与保护教育部重点实验室,北京 100083;2.北京市园林绿化局,北京 102100
Author(s):
LIU Yong 1 LI Guoˉlei 1 LI Ruiˉsheng 2 GUO Bei 1 XU Yang 1
1. Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation, Ministry of E ducation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China; 2 Beijing Municipal Bureau of Landscape and Forestry, Beijing 100029, China
关键词:
油松人工林间伐土壤肥力主成分分析
Keywords:
Pinus tabulaeformis plantation thinning soil fertility pri nciple component analysis
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
2001年,在北京市延庆县营盘村附近中山,对保存密度为3 300株·hm -2 的25 a生油松人 工林设置27.3%、41.7%、48.5% 和57.6%4个间伐强度的处理。4 a后,通过比较土壤物理性质、 化学性质和土壤酶的变化,探讨用土壤肥力评价间伐效果的可行性。结果表明:土壤有效磷含量、 速效钾含量、毛管孔隙度随间伐强度的增大而增大,非毛管孔隙度与间伐强度成反比。 5种土壤酶 活性、最大持水量和毛管持水量均以间伐强度48.5%时最大。碱性磷酸酶活性峰值均出现在4 月,脲酶活性、有机质含量、速效钾含量、有效磷含量高峰值多出现在10月。脲酶活性谷值均出现 在6月,多酚氧化酶、碱性磷酸酶谷值出现在10月。土壤过氧化氢酶活性、碱性磷酸酶活性、脲酶 活性、最大毛管持水量和毛管持水量可以作为油松林地土壤肥力评价的指标。用土壤肥力评价间 伐效果可行、易测,25 a生保留密度3 300株·hm -2 的油松人工林以57.6%左右的间伐强度土壤 肥力维持最优。
Abstract:
As the main afforestation tree species in the warm temper ature humid and semiˉhumid climatic reˉ gion in China, it is important to study the soil fertility and u nderstory vegetation from the aspect of susˉ tainable management for Pinus tabulaeformis plantations. In 2001, the ef fects of thinning intensities with four different treatments of 27.3%(Ⅰ), 41.7%(Ⅱ), 48.5%(Ⅲ) an d 57.6%(Ⅳ), on the soil fertility were manipulated in the 25ˉyearˉold P.tabulaeformis stands with pre served density of 3300 trees·hm -2 , in middle hilly lands of Yingpan, Yanqing Country, Bejing. In 2005, whether the thinning effect could be evaluated by soil fertility or not was carried out through the c omparison of soil physiochemical properties and soil enzymes in the four stands. The results showed that con trary to non capillary soil porosity, both capillary soil porosity and the content of soil available P and K were enhanced by thinning intensity. Howˉ ever, five types of enzymes, maximum soil moisture capacity and ca pillary moisture capacity were optiˉ mized in the stands with Ⅲ thinning intensities. Also, the maximum a ctivity of alkaline phosphatase was showed in April mostly and that of urease, organic C, available K and available P were in October. For the four stands, the lowest value of urease was exhibited in June, w hile those of both polyphenol oxidase and alkaline phosphatas were in October. Among the sixteen indexes, soi l catalase, alkaline phosphatase, ureˉ ase, maximum capillary moisture capacity, and capillary moisture cap acity could be perceived as indicators to assess soil fertility. Specifically, the method for the evaluat ion of the thinning effect by soil fertility was feasible and simple. Generally, for the 25ˉyearˉold forest with stand ing density of 3 300 trees·hm -2 , the reasonable thinning intensity should be about 57.6%.

参考文献/References:

[1] 方奇.杉木连栽对土壤及其林木生长的影响[J].林业科学, 1987,23(4): 389ˉ397.
[2] 刘世荣,李春阳.落叶松人工林养分循环过程与潜在地力衰退 趋势的研究[J].东北林业大学学报,1993,21(2):19ˉ24.
[3] 盛炜彤,范少辉.杉木人工林长期生产力保持机制研究[M].北 京:科学出版社,2005.
[4] 许慕农.林分密度研究概况[J].山东林业科技,1982(2):41ˉ 51.
[5] 徐化成.油松[M].北京:中国林业出版社,1993:117ˉ126.
[6] 张运锋.用动态规划方法探讨油松人工林最适密度[J].北京林 业大学学报,1986,8(2):20ˉ29.
[7] 杨澄,刘建军,何海燕.油松人工林抚育间伐效果初步研究[J]. 西北林学院学报,1991,6(2):44ˉ50.
[8] 曹云,杨 ,宋炳煜,等.人工抚育措施对油松林生长及结构特 征的影响[J].应用生态学报,2005, 16(3):397ˉ402.
[9] 孙书存,包维楷.恢复生态学[M].北京:化学工业出版社, 2005:50.
[10] 李国雷,刘勇,郭蓓,等.保留密度对飞播油松林下植被发育影 响的研究[J]. 西北林学院学报,2007,22(3):105ˉ110.
[11] 李国雷,刘勇,郭蓓,等.间伐强度对油松人工林植被发育的影 响[J].北京林业大学学报,2007, 29(2):70ˉ74.
[12] 蒋有绪,郭泉水,马娟,等.中国森林群落分类及其群落学特征 [M].北京:科学出版社,1998:3ˉ9.
[13] 中国科学院南京土壤研究所土壤物理研究室.土壤物理性质 测定法[M].北京:科学出版社,1978:11ˉ70.
[14] 鲍士旦.土壤农化分析[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2005:34ˉ 110.
[15] 中国科学院南京土壤研究所微生物室.土壤微生物研究法 [M].北京:科学出版社,1985:44ˉ57,262ˉ275.
[16] 关松荫.土壤酶及其研究法[M].北京:农业出版社,1986: 188ˉ359.
[17] ACOSTA M, REICHER Z, BISCHOFF M, et al. The role of tree leaf mulch and nitrogen fertilizer on turfgrass soil quality [J]. Biol. Fert. Soils, 1999, 29:55ˉ61.
[18] 庞学勇,刘庆,刘世全,等.川西亚高山云杉人工林土壤质量性 状演变[J].生态学报,2004, 24(2): 261ˉ267.
[19] 刘占锋,傅伯杰,刘国华,等.土壤质量与土壤质量指标及其评 价[J].生态学报,2006,26(3):901ˉ913.
[20] 薛立,邝立刚,陈红跃,等.不同林分土壤养分、微生物与酶活 性的研究[J].土壤学报,2003, 40(2): 280ˉ285.
[21] FRANKENBERGER W T, DII W A. Relationships between enzyme activities and microbial growth and activity in soil [J]. Soil Sci. Soc., 1983, 47:945ˉ951.
[22] 周礼恺.土壤酶学[M].北京:科学出版社,1987:178.
[23] BANDI A K, DI R P. Field management effects on soil enˉ zyme activities [J]. Soil Biol. Biochem.,1999, 31:1471ˉ 1479.
[24] DII W A, TABATABAI M A.Significance and potential uses of soil enzymes[A]. In: BLAINE M F ed. Soil microbial eˉ cology application in agricultural and environmental manageˉ ment[C]. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1993:95ˉ127.
[25] GARCIA C, HERNANDEZ T. Biological and biochemical indications in derelict soils subject to erosion [J]. Soil Bio. Biochem., 1997, 29(2):171ˉ177.
[26] 张庆费,宋永昌,由文辉,等.浙江天童植物群落次生演替与土 壤肥力变化研究[J].生态学报,1999, 19(2):174ˉ178.
[27] 徐建华.现代地理学中的数学方法[M].北京:高等教育出版 社,2002: 84ˉ93.
[28] 郭蓓,刘勇,李国雷,等.飞播油松林地土壤酶活性对间伐强度 的响应[J]. 林业科学, 2007, 43(7): 128ˉ133.
[29] 李国雷,刘勇,甘敬,等.飞播油松林地土壤酶活性对间伐强度 的季节响应[J].北京林业大学学报,2008, 30(2):77ˉ83.
[30] FREDERICK R T, LOUIS M T. Soil and soi fertility [M]. Blackwell Publishing, 2006:232ˉ245.
[31] 潘建平,王华章,杨秀琴.落叶松人工林地力衰退研究现状与 进展[J].东北林业大学学报,1997, 25(2):59ˉ63.
[32] 陈立新,陈祥伟,段文标.落叶松人工林凋落物与土壤肥力变 化的研究[J].应用生态学报,1998, 9(12):581ˉ586.
[33] 中国林学会.森林抚育间伐[M].北京:中国林业出版社, 1988:53ˉ62.
[34] 刘景芳.国外森林抚育间伐研究现状概述[A].见:中国林业 科学研究院科技情报研究所.森林抚育间伐[C].北京:中国 林业出版社,1981: 1ˉ7.

相似文献/References:

[1]车少辉,唐德瑞*,潘 静,等.油松针叶束水培生根的研究[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(03):110.
 CHE Shaohui,TAN G Derui,PAN Ji ng,et al.Rooting of Needle Fascicles of Pinust abulae formis by Water Culture[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(06):110.
[2]彭舜磊,王得祥ˇ,赵 辉,等.我国人工林现状与近自然经营途径探讨[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(03):184.
 PENG Shunlei,WANG Dexiang,ZHAO Hui,et al.Discussion the Status Quality of Plantation and Near Nature Forestr y Management in China[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(06):184.
[3]王娟娟,刘永红,樊军锋,等.油松优良家系数量性状遗传距离分析[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(06):87.
 WANG Juanjuan,LIU Yonghong,FAN Junfeng,et al.The Analysis on Genetic Distance of Superior Families Quantitative Character of Pinus tabulaeformis[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(06):87.
[4]彭舜磊,王得祥ˇ,赵 辉,等.我国人工林现状与近自然经营途径探讨[J].西北林学院学报,2008,23(02):184.
 PENG Shunlei,WANG Dexiang,ZHAO Hui,et al.Discussion the Status Quality of Plantation and Near Nature Forestr y Management in China[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2008,23(06):184.
[5]段而军,刘增文*,冯顺煜,等.陕北半湿润黄土丘陵区不同森林群落林下植物多样性比较分析陕北半湿润黄土丘陵区不同森林群落林下植物多样性比较分析[J].西北林学院学报,2009,24(02):1.
 DUAN Er jun,LIU Zeng wen*,FENG Shun yu,et al.Comparison of Plants Diversity Undergrowth in Different Forests in Semihumid Rolling Loess Region of Northern Shaanxi[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2009,24(06):1.
[6]李品荣,孟广涛*,方向京.滇南岩溶山地4种人工林林下植物群落学特征比较滇南岩溶山地4种人工林林下植物群落学特征比较[J].西北林学院学报,2009,24(02):7.
 LI Pin rong,MENG Guang tao*,FANG Xiang jing.Ecological Characteristics of Understory Plants of Four Artificial Forests in Karst Mountain Area of Southern Yunnan[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2009,24(06):7.
[7]刘卓玛姐,刘增文*,冯顺煜,等.陕北半湿润黄土丘陵区不同人工林土壤生物学特征研究陕北半湿润黄土丘陵区不同人工林土壤生物学特征研究[J].西北林学院学报,2009,24(02):26.
 LIUZHUO Ma jie,LIU Zeng wen*,FENG Shun yu,et al.Soil Biological Characteristics in Different Kinds of Artificial Forests in the Semihumid Zones of Loess Plateau[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2009,24(06):26.
[8]陈晨,刘光武,康文涛,等.马尾松人工林地位指数BP模型研究马尾松人工林地位指数BP模型研究[J].西北林学院学报,2009,24(02):128.
 CHEN Chen,LIU Guang wu,KANG Wen tao,et al.Site Index BP Model of Masson Pine Fortunei Plantation[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2009,24(06):128.
[9]阎玉慧,亢新刚*.人工林与天然林经济效益分析人工林与天然林经济效益分析——以金沟岭林场人工落叶松林与天然云冷杉林为例[J].西北林学院学报,2009,24(02):220.
 YAN Yu hui,KANG Xin gang*.Costeffectiveness Analysis of Plantation and Natural Forests——A Case Study of Artificial Larch and Naturalfir in Jingouling Forest Farm[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2009,24(06):220.
[10]高爱琴,梁英梅,吐拉布比.松苗立枯病防治试验[J].西北林学院学报,1999,14(03):0.
 Gao Aiqin,Liang Yingmei,Toula Bubi.Control Test on Seedling Blight of Pinus[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,1999,14(06):0.
[11]逯军峰,王辉*,曹靖,等.油松人工林凋落物对土壤理化性质的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2007,22(03):25.
 LU Junfeng,WANG Hui,CAO Jing,et al.Effect of Forest Litiers on Soil Physical and Chemical Properties in Pinus tabulaeformis Plantation[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2007,22(06):25.
[12]韩东锋,孙丙寅,孙德祥.不同营造方式对秦岭油松人工林生长影响的研究[J].西北林学院学报,2011,26(06):154.
 HAN Dong feng,SUN Bing yin,SUN De xiang.Effects of Different Forestation Patterns on the Growth of Pinus tabulaeformis Stands on Qinling Mountains[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2011,26(06):154.
[13]玉宝,王百田,红玉,等.晋西人工林综合密度效应分析[J].西北林学院学报,2011,26(04):167.
[14]曹旭平,王梅,周建云,等.陕北黄土高原油松人工林林分结构及个体生长[J].西北林学院学报,2011,26(02):155.
[15]苏纪帅,金晶炜,白于,等. 宁夏油松林细根生物量和土壤特性研究[J].西北林学院学报,2014,29(04):1.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.04.01]
 SU Ji-shuai,JIN Jing-wei,BAI Yu,et al. Studies on Fine Root Biomass and Soil Properties of Pinus tabulaeformis Forests in Ningxia[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2014,29(06):1.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2014.04.01]
[16]冉啟香,邓华锋*,吕常笑,等. 油松林分断面积与蓄积量生长模型研究[J].西北林学院学报,2016,31(5):217.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.05.36]
 RAN Qi-xiang,DENG Hua-feng*,LYV Chang-xiao,et al. Stand Basal Area and Volume Growth for Pinus tabulaeformis[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2016,31(06):217.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2016.05.36]
[17]宋依璇,邓继峰*,李景浩,等. 辽西北典型人工林地不同坡位土壤养分特征及与林木生长性状的关系[J].西北林学院学报,2017,32(3):18.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.03.04]
 SONG Yi-xuan,DENG Ji-feng*,LI Jing-hao,et al. Soil Chemical Properties and Their Relations with Stand Growth of Typical Afforestation Tree Species in Northwest Liaoning Province[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2017,32(06):18.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2017.03.04]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2007ˉ12ˉ16 修回日期:2008ˉ06ˉ08 基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30
471380);北京市教委项目(JD100220648) 作者简介:刘勇,男,博士,教授,博士生导师
,主要研究方向是森林培育学。Eˉmail:lyong@bjfu.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: