[1]马冰倩,徐程扬*,崔义. 八达岭秋季景观整体色彩组成对美景度的影响[J].西北林学院学报,2018,33(6):258-264.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.06.41]
 MA Bing-qian,XU Cheng-yang*,CUI Yi. Effects of Color Composition in Badaling Forests on Autumn Landscape Quality[J].JOURNAL OF NORTHWEST FORESTRY UNIVERSITY,2018,33(6):258-264.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.06.41]
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 八达岭秋季景观整体色彩组成对美景度的影响()
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《西北林学院学报》[ISSN:1001-7461/CN:61-1202/S]

卷:
第33卷
期数:
2018年第6期
页码:
258-264
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Effects of Color Composition in Badaling Forests on Autumn Landscape Quality
文章编号:
1001-7461(2018)06-0258-07
作者:
 马冰倩徐程扬*崔义
 (北京林业大学 省部共建森林培育与保护教育部重点实验室,干旱半干旱地区森林培育和生态系统国家林业局重点实验室,北京 100083)
Author(s):
 MA Bing-qianXU Cheng-yang*CUI Yi
 (Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education,Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Ecological System of Arid and Semi-arid Region of State Forestry Administration, Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China)
关键词:
 森林景观色彩组成美景度
Keywords:
 forest landscape color composition SBE
分类号:
S731.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.06.41
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 从整体景观色彩的组成角度评价了八达岭林场秋季景观,以期探究视觉色彩对景观美学质量影响,进一步提出提升美学质量的方法。利用Python等软件从像素角度解译色彩信息,筛选与美景值有显著相关关系的因素,并以色彩组成因子为自变量,公众喜好度的SBE值为因变量,构建景观质量评价模型。结果表明:1)依据美景值将八达岭林场整体景观质量从高到低划分为5个等级(等级Ⅰ、等级Ⅱ、等级Ⅲ、等级Ⅳ、等级Ⅴ),美景值集中在等级Ⅱ和等级Ⅲ中,可见公众比较偏爱八达岭秋季景观;2)色彩组成因素与美景值方差分析中,明度指数(V)、邻近色(RN)、互补色比例(RC)、色彩多样性(HL)和色彩均匀度(EL)与美景度之间有显著或极显著差异;3)模型结果表明,二次多项式逐步回归模型较其他3种模型(回归模型、逐步回归模型和二次回归模型)的拟合程度高(R2=56.48%,P<0.001),能较好地描述景观整体色彩与美景度之间的关系,且美景值与VRNRCHL呈负相关关系,与EL呈正相关关系。对此,在八达岭景观质量提升改造中,可降低整体色彩明度指数、色彩多样性指数、邻近色和互补色比例,增加色彩均匀度指数来提高美景度。
Abstract:
 In order to explore the effect of visual color on the quality of landscape aesthetics,this paper evaluated the autumn landscape of Badaling Forestry Farm from the view of the composition of landscape color as a whole and put forward a method to improve the quality of aesthetics.Python and other softwares were used to interpret color information from pixel angle and screen factors that had a significant correlation with the beauty value and regard color composition factor.SBE value of public preference degree was used as independent variable and dependent variable to construct the landscape quality evaluation model.The results were as follows.1) The overall landscape quality of Badaling Forestry Farm was divided into 5 grades according to the beauty value (grade I to V).The beauty values were focused in grade I and grade II,indicating that the public preferred the autumn landscape in Badaling.2) Variance analysis showed that there existed significant or extremely significant differences between SBE values and the factors of lightness index,the adjacent color,the complementary color ratio,the color diversity and the color uniformity and the SBE.3) The model showed that the two order polynomial stepwise regression model had a higher fitting degree than the other three models (regression model,stepwise regression model and two regression model) (R2=56.48%,P<0.001).There was a significant or extremely significant negative correlation trend between the beauty and the V,RN,HL and RC,and positive correlation trend between the beauty and EL.It was suggested that in the improvement and transformation of Badaling landscape quality,relative factors could be reduced,such as brightness index of the whole color,the color diversity index,the adjacent color and the proportion of complementary color,and the color uniformity index could be increased.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 收稿日期:2018-01-10修回日期:2018-04-20
基金项目:林业公益性行业重大项目(201404301)。
作者简介:马冰倩,女,博士,研究方向:城市林业。E-mail:18810975270@163.com
*通信作者:徐程扬,男,教授,博士,研究方向:城市林业。E-mail:cyxu@bjfu.edu.cn
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